Included in the United Nations Millenium Declaration, adopted in 2000 by all the world’s countries, the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) define time-bound objectives to fight extreme poverty and illness.
Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Target 1 : Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion ofpeople whose income is less than one dollar a day;
Target 2 : Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
Target 3 : Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
Target 4 : Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
Target 5 : Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
Goal 5 : Improve maternal health
Target 6 : Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
Goal 6 : Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Target 7 : Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS;
Target 8 : Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
Goal 7 : Ensure environmental sustainability
Target 9 : Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes
Target 10 : Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
Target 11 : By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum-dwellers
Goal 8 : Develop a global partnership for development
Target 12 : Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory (including good governance and fight against poverty)
Target 13 : Address the special needs of the least developed countries. (debt relief, cancellation of official debt, more generous ODA),
Target 14 : Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States.
Target 15 : Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term.
Target 16 : créer des emplois productifs pour les jeunes,
Target 17 : In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries;
Target 18 : In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.
12 March 2009Printable version