2000 : Millennium Development Goals
March 2002 : Monterrey Conference in Mexico: the idea of “innovative financing mechanisms” was introduced in international debate.
21 October 2003: French President Jacques Chirac asked Jean-Pierre Landau to head a working group on new international financial contributions.
January 2004: Together with Brazil and Chile, and under the auspices of the United Nations Secretary General, a technical group was established on innovative financing mechanisms, joined in May by Spain and called the “quadripartite group”.
September 2004: Publication of the reports drafted by the Landau group and the quadripartite group. On 20 September 2004, at the meeting of Heads of State and Government in New York, at the instigation of President Lula, the Declaration on Action against Hunger and Poverty was supported by 107 countries.
29 August 2005: President Chirac announced that the air-ticket solidarity levy was to be implemented in France starting 2006.
14 September 2005: At the Millennium +5 Summit in New York, 79 countries backed the Declaration on Innovative Sources of Financing for Development co-sponsored by Algeria, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany and Spain.
28 February/1 March 2006: Paris Conference on Innovative Sources of Financing for Development: 44 countries joined the Leading Group on Solidarity Levies to Fund Development, 17 signalled their intention to introduce an air-ticket solidarity levy.
First half of 2006: Brazil’s Presidency of the Leading Group
2 June 2006: The IDPF-UNITAID, whose major principles were endorsed by Brazil, Chile, Norway and France, was presented at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS.
1 July 2006: The air-ticket solidarity levy entered into force in France.
19 September 2006: UNITAID was officially launched at the United Nations General Assembly by its co-sponsors (Brazil, Chile, France, Norway, United Kingdom) and a UNITAID hosting agreement with the WHO was signed.
2006: The International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFIm) was set up. It was to borrow €4 billion on capital markets to finance vaccination programmes via the GAVI Fund in the 70 poorest countries in the world from 2006 to 2015.
Second half of 2006: Norway’s Presidency of the Leading Group
September 2006: UNITAID was launched by Brazil, Chile, France, Norway and the United Kingdom.
2007: South Korea’s Presidency of the Leading Group
February 2007: Italy announced that it was to establish an Advanced Market Commitment (AMC) for a new pneumococcal vaccine.
First half of 2008: Senegal’s Presidency of the Leading Group
Second half of 2008: Guinea’s Presidency of the Leading Group
September 2008: Declaration on Action against Hunger and Poverty. Declaration on Innovative Sources of Financing for Development.
October 2008: 5th Plenary Meeting of the Leading Group in Conakry, Guinea.
11 November 2008: European Union Declaration on Innovative Financing Mechanisms.
29 November – 2 December 2008: Follow-up International Conference on Financing for Development in Doha.
First half of 2009: France’s Presidency of the Leading Group.
22 October 2009: Launching of the Taskforce on International Financial Transactions and Development in Paris.
Second half of 2009: Chile’s Presidency of the Leading Group
28-29 january 2010 : 7th Plenary session in Santiago
Second half 2010: Japan’s Presidency of the Leading Group
21 September 2010: Side Event on innovative financing, on the sidelines of the Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (United Nations, New York).
22 September 2010: the UN Declaration recognizies the role of innovative financing to achieve the MDGs and mentions the work and initiatives of the Leading Group
16-17 December 2010: 8th plenary session of the Leading Group in Tokyo
1st semester 2011: Malian Presidency of the Leading Group
24-25 june 2011: 9th plenary session of the Leading Group in Bamako
Second semester 2011: spanish Presidency of the Leading Group
28 October 2011Printable version